Camden Conference > PAST SPEAKERS

The Camden Conference has an impressive roster of former speakers which includes dozens of prominent academics, intellectuals, diplomats and former government officials — individuals coming from every continent but Antarctica — who have come to Camden to focus on timely regional and global policy issues. China, Russia, Europe, Japan, Africa, Southeast Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East all have had their time in the spotlight at the Camden Conference — as have such topics as the environment, globalization, energy, the media, and population growth.



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Kah Walla – We the People of Africa – Facing Crisis and Opportunities

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Laurence Everett Pope, II

Laurence Everett Pope II was the United States Ambassador to Chad from 1993 to 1996 and former US Chargé d’Affaires to Libya. Pope held a number of senior posts in the Department of State. He was the Director for Northern Gulf Affairs (1987–1990), Associate Director for Counter-Terrorism (1991–1993), U.S. Ambassador to Chad (1993–1996), and Political Advisor to General Zinni USMC, Commander-in-Chief of United States Central Command (1997–2000). From October 2012 – January 2013, Ambassador Pope served as the U.S Chargé d’Affaires in Libya, assuming the duties of the late J. Christopher Stevens, the former U.S. Ambassador to Libya. Ambassador Pope retired from the U.S. Foreign Service on October 2, 2000 after 31 years of service. He continues to consult with various institutions and is a respected arabist. A graduate of Bowdoin College, Pope also had advanced studies at Princeton University and is a graduate of the U.S. Department of State Senior Seminar. He is the author most recently of “The Demilitarization of American Diplomacy”, Palsgrave MacMillan, 2014. Among his other books are “Francois de Callieres, A Political Life” (Republic of Letters Publishing, 2010, and “Among Heroes, A Marine Corps Rifle Company on Peleliu” (Marine Corps University Press, 2011). He speaks Arabic and French, and resides in Portland, Maine.

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Ms. Ofeibea Quist-Arcton

Ms. Ofeibea Quist-Arcton is West Africa Correspondent for NPR (National Public Radio) News, based in Dakar, Senegal.  A native of Ghana, she spent her early years in Ghana, Italy, Britain and Kenya. After completing high school in Britain, she took a degree in French studies, international relations and Spanish at the London School of Economics and then studied radio journalism at the Polytechnic of Central London.  Ms. Quist-Arcton joined the BBC in 1985, working at regional radio stations all over Britain, then moving to the BBC World Service as a producer and host in the African Service.  After a stint in Paris on a BBC journalist exchange with Radio France International as host, reporter and editor, she moved to Abidjan, Ivory Coast, to head the BBC’s West Africa bureau.  She covered 24 countries and reported on the flowering of democracy in the region as well as the outbreak of civil wars, revolutions and coups, while always keeping an eye on the “other” stories about Africa that receive minimal media attention. In 1994, she returned to the BBC in London as a host and senior producer, then relocated to Boston as a reporter for The World, a co-production between the BBC, Public Radio International (PRI) and WGBH.  For The World, she traveled around the United States, providing the program with an African journalist’s perspective on North American life.  In 1998, she was appointed co-host of the South African Broadcasting Corporation’s flagship radio drive-time show, PM Live, based in Johannesburg.  In 2000, she joined (allAfricaGlobal Media), to report on the continent’s top stories and develop new radio shows for webcast and syndication to radio stations around the continent.  In 2004, she joined NPR News.  Her passions are African art and culture, music, literature, open-air markets, antiques – and learning.


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Dr. Djime Adoum

Dr. Djime Adoum is Executive Secretary of the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, based in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.  The Sahel, home to many of Africa’s poorest countries and peoples, is a zone stretching across the African continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea, separating the southward-expanding Sahara Desert from the humid savannas to the south.  In recent decades, the Sahel has been ravaged by soil erosion and desertification.   Dr. Adoum was previously Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation in his native Chad.  In his current role, Dr. Adoum focuses on the implications of climate change for agriculture, poverty reduction, countries’ resiliency in the face of disasters, education, and human rights, and he presents compelling research on the outlook for human populations, agriculture and wildlife throughout sub-Saharan Africa. He earned a Ph.D. in agronomy and agricultural extension at the University of Maryland, where he studied the diffusion of innovation. He has also worked at the World Bank and USAID/Permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte Contre la Secheresse dans le Sahel.
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Ms. Jennifer G. Cooke

Ms. Jennifer G. Cooke is director of the CSIS Africa Program, which she joined in 2000. The program provides balanced and forward-looking analysis of political and economic dynamics within African states to better inform U.S. policy choices. Ms. Cooke covers a broad range of U.S.-Africa policy issues, including security engagement, health assistance, conflict diplomacy, and support for good governance. She currently leads the CSIS Nigeria Election Forum, a two-year project that examines the major challenges associated with Nigeria’s 2015 elections, and a study analyzing the intersection of religion and politics in Africa. She also co-chairs a CSIS project on Africa’s new oil and gas producers and the implications of the continent’s changing energy landscape for U.S. Africa policy. Ms. Cooke has authored numerous CSIS reports, including most recently Africa at a Crossroads: Overcoming Obstacles to Sustained Growth and Economic Transformation (May 2014) and Launching a New Chapter in U.S.-Africa Relations: Deepening the Business Relationship (February 2014). She is a frequent public speaker and commentator in print, on radio, and on television, and she has testified before Congress on Boko Haram in Nigeria, the political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire, and the African Union. Prior to CSIS, she worked at the National Academy of Sciences in the Office of Human Rights and the Office of News and Public Information and at the U.S. Congress on the House Subcommittee on Africa. She has lived in Côte d’Ivoire and the Central African Republic.
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Mr. Sangu Delle

Mr. Sangu Delle was born in Ghana, where his childhood home was a refuge for victims of torture and violence from neighboring Liberia and Sierra Leone. Sangu graduated from Harvard with highest honors in African Studies and Economics. At Harvard, Sangu co-founded cleanacwa which today is currently working to bring clean water and sanitation to over 200,000 people across 120 villages in Ghana. Convinced that the real needs of communities can best be met through entrepreneurship, in 2008 he founded an investment holding company, Golden Palm Investments (GPI) to fund promising start-ups that can have social impact and generate jobs. GPI has backed startups such as Solo Mobile in Nigeria, mPharma in Ghana/Zambia/Cote D’Ivoire and Stawi Foods in Kenya. GPI has also built a portfolio of greenfield companies in healthcare, real estate, and financial services. Sangu has received several international accolades including being named Africa’s “Young Person of the Year” in 2014, selected as a 2014 TEDGlobal Fellow, named one of Forbes’ top 30 most promising entrepreneurs in Africa in 2015 and Euromoney’s “Africa’s Rising Stars” award for “outstanding individuals and power brokers who are changing the financial, investment and business landscape in Africa.”

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Disolele speaker

Mr. Mvemba Phezo Dizolele

Mr. Mvemba Phezo Dizolele is an independent journalist and the Peter J. Duignan Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution. He is the author of the forthcoming biography Mobutu: the Rise and Fall of the Leopard King. His analyses of African affairs have been widely published in policy journals and in newspapers, and he has been a guest analyst on PBS’ NewsHour, Foreign Exchange with Fareed Zakaria, On Point, The Diane Rehm Show, the BBC World News Update, Al Jazeera’s The Stream and other programs. Mr. Dizolele has testified before subcommittees of the United States Congress and the United Nations Security Council. He was a grantee of the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting and covered the 2006 elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo. With the Pulitzer Center, he produced Congo’s Bloody Coltan, a documentary report on the relationship between the Congo conflict and the scramble for mineral resources. He served as an election monitor with the Carter Center in Congo in 2006 and 2011. He was also embedded with United Nations peacekeepers in Congo’s Ituri district and South Kivu province as a reporter. Mr. Dizolele is a veteran of the United States Marine Corps. He holds an International Master of Business Administration and a Master of Public Policy from the University of Chicago. He graduated magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and French from Southern Utah University. He is fluent in French, Norwegian, Spanish, Swahili, Kikongo and Lingala, and is proficient in Danish and Swedish.

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Paul Nugent

Paul Nugent is Professor of Comparative African History straddling the Schools of History, Classics and Archaeology and Social and Political Studies at the University of Edinburgh. He is currently a member of the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, working on a comparison of borders and state-making in Ghana and Uganda. He was Director of the Centre of African Studies for ten years and for a further seven years he served as the President of AEGIS, the Centre-based African Studies association in Europe. As such, he intimately involved in the European African Studies scene. In 2014-15, he was a Fellow of the Stellenbosch Institute of Advanced Study (STIAS) working on a project on South African wine and global connectivity. Paul Nugent is a graduate of the University of Cape Town and holds a Masters and a doctorate from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London. Paul is currently the holder of the most prestigious European Research Council Advanced Grant for a multi-regional comparative project entitled African Governance and Space: Transport Corridors, Border Towns and Port Cities in Transition (AFRIGOS). The project began in January 2016. 

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Kingsley Moghalu

Mr. Kingsley Moghalu

Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu is Professor of Practice in International Business and Public Policy and Senior Fellow in the Council on Emerging Market Enterprises at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He was Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria from 2009 to 2014, and led the implementation of far-reaching reforms in the Nigerian banking sector after the global financial crisis. He is the Founder and Chairman of Sogato Strategies, a global strategy, risk and macroeconomic advisory firm in Washington DC, Geneva and Lagos, and a member of the Advisory Board of the London based Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF). Professor Moghalu previously worked for the United Nations for 17 years in legal affairs, strategic planning and executive management roles in New York, Cambodia, Croatia, Tanzania and Switzerland, rising to the rank of Director. Moghalu is the author of three books including Emerging Africa: How the Global Economy’s ‘Last Frontier’ Can Prosper and Matter (Penguin Books, 2014). He obtained his PhD at the London School of Economics, the MA from The Fletcher School at Tufts University, the LL.B. from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, and the International Certificate in Risk Management from the UK Institute of Risk Management in London. He is a frequent international keynote speaker at global forums and a commentator on global television including CNN Television, BBC World TV, Bloomberg, and CNBC. His opinion commentaries have appeared in the London Financial Times, USA Today and other newspapers.



Mr. Ali Mufuruki

Mr. Ali A. Mufuruki is a Tanzanian entrepreneur, philanthropist, public speaker and leadership coach. A Henry Crown Fellow of the Aspen Institute Class of 2001, Ali Mufuruki co-founded the Africa Leadership Initiative in 2002 whose mission is to engage the energy and talent of emerging leaders in Africa in order to release their potential to build a good society for their nations. He is co-founder and chairman of the CEO Roundtable of Tanzania, a policy dialogue forum that brings together more than 100 CEOs of leading companies in Tanzania. This group engages regularly with the senior government leadership of Tanzania to find solutions for the country’s economy. He is also owner, Chairman & CEO of Infotech Investment Group LTD, a family business that has interests in ICT, media, telecoms, private equity, retail and real estate across a number of countries in Africa and beyond. Ali Mufuruki is currently Chairman of the Boards of Msingi LTD (Kenya), Legacy Capital Partners Ltd (Tanzania); Trademark East Africa (Kenya) and Chai Bora Ltd (Tanzania). He serves as Director on the boards of BlueTown Holdings Ltd (Denmark) and AMSCO (Netherlands). He previously sat on the Board of the Tanzania Central Bank where he was elected the first ever independent chairman of the Audit Committee. He also served on the Board of Directors of Technoserve, Inc. of Washington, DC and Nation Media Group of Kenya. Mr. Mufuruki holds a B.Sc. in Mechanical Design Engineering from Reutlingen University, Germany and lives in Dar-es-Salaam with and his wife and four children.


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Ms. Kah Walla

Ms. Kah Walla is one of a new generation of African leaders, an entrepreneur, and a grassroots activist in Cameroon.  In 2011 she was a candidate for President of Cameroon, challenging a political structure that has seen only two presidents in the last 50 years.  She continues to be outspoken on political and social issues – especially governance and corruption, the role of women in the economy and politics, and youth and employment.  She founded a consulting firm – STRATEGIES! – in Douala, Cameroon, and now  works with civil society groups throughout Africa, advocating for policies and projects that serve a wide variety of groups: farmers, traders, motorbike drivers, persons with disabilities, fishermen, student associations and governments.  In 2015, she was honored by Vital Voices Global Partnership Forum as one of five women igniting change in the world.



Pamela A. White

Pamela A. White has served two recent terms as ambassador to the Republic of Haiti and one to The Gambia from 2010-2012.  Before becoming an ambassador, she served as Mission Director for United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Liberia where she managed USAID’s second largest development budget in Africa. White holds the rank of Career Minister.  She has over 35 years of experience serving mostly in Africa where she began her public service as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Cameroon.  At USAID White has served as Mission Director in Mali and Tanzania, Community Liaison Officer in Burkina Faso, Deputy Director Executive Officer in Senegal and Haiti and Executive Officer in Haitian, Egyptian, and South African missions.  Among other accomplishments, she has coordinated food deliveries, developed strategies, and increased opportunities for women and children. For her work she was awarded the highest decoration given to foreigners, the Knight of the National Order of Merit (Ordre national du Mali) and she received the Medal of Honor from The Gambia, one of the only foreigners ever to receive this award. White is a native of Auburn, Maine, studied at the University of Maine and the School for International Training where she earned a Master’s Degree in International Development. She graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces.


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Keynote Speaker:
Matthew Rojanski

Matthew Rojansky, Director of the Kennan Institute at the Wilson Center, is an expert on U.S. and Russian national security and nuclear weapons policy. His work focuses on relations among the U.S., NATO, and the states of the former Soviet Union, particularly Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. From 2010 to 2013, he was Deputy Director of the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He founded Carnegie’s Ukraine Program, led a multi-year project to support U.S.–Russia health cooperation, and created a task force on the Moldova–Transnistria conflict. From 2007 to 2010, Rojansky served as executive director of the Partnership for a Secure America (PSA), where he orchestrated high-level bipartisan initiatives aimed at repairing the U.S.–Russia relationship, strengthening the U.S. commitment to nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, and leveraging global science engagement for diplomacy. Rojansky is a participant in the Dartmouth Dialogues, a U.S.–Russia conflict-resolution initiative begun in 1960.
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R. Nicholas Burns

Nicholas Burns is Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics at the Harvard Kennedy School and a Board Member of Harvard’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He retired from the State Department in April 2008 after a distinguished career spanning 27 years. From 2005 until his retirement, Burns was Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs—the third-ranking position in the State Department—where he led U.S. negotiations with Iran, India, and Kosovo and supervised U.S. diplomacy in all regions of the world. Burns also was U.S. Ambassador to NATO and to Greece. He was the State Department Spokesman for two years and spent five years on the National Security Council (NSC) staff, including serving as Special Assistant to President Bill Clinton, focusing on the former Soviet Union. Under President George H. W. Bush, he was Director for Soviet (and then Russian) Affairs on the National Security Council.



Nikolay Petrov

Nikolay Petrov
is a Professor in the Faculty of Politics at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow and a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Fundamental Studies, Laboratory for Qualitative and Quantitative Methods of Analysis of Political Regimes. A noted political scientist and political geographer, he has contributed many articles to leading Russian and foreign media and is a regular columnist for the English-language Moscow Times. He is the co-author and editor of The Dynamics of Russian Politics: Putin’s Reform of Federal–Regional Relations, published in 2005, and co-editor (with Maria Lipman) of Russia 2025: Scenarios for the Future, published in 2013. Petrov is the former chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Society and Regions Project. From 1990 to 1995, he was an adviser to the Russian Parliament. He is a graduate of the Geographical and Economics Faculty of Moscow State University and holds a PhD in Geography.

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Steven Pifer

Steven Pifer
Steven Pifer is the Director of the Brookings Institution Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative. He is also a Senior Fellow with the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, and with the Center on the United States and Europe in the Foreign Policy program at Brookings. A former Ambassador to Ukraine (1998 to 2000), Pifer had a long Foreign Service career that centered on Europe, the former Soviet Union, and arms control and security issues. Pifer had postings in London, Moscow, Geneva, and Warsaw, as well as on the National Security Council. He has frequently provided commentary and analysis on CNN, NPR, BBC, VOA, and Fox News. Pifer is coauthor of The Opportunity: Next Steps in Reducing Nuclear Arms, published in 2012. He is a board member of the American Academy of Diplomacy, a senior adviser to the U.S.–Ukraine Business Council, and a member of the Nuclear Security Working Group.

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Constanze Stelzenmüller

Constanze Stelzenmüller
is the inaugural Robert Bosch senior fellow with the Center on the United States and Europe at the Brookings Institution. Previously, she was a senior transatlantic fellow with the German Marshall Fund of the United States, where she directed the influential Transatlantic Trends survey program. Her areas of expertise include: transatlantic relations; German foreign policy; NATO; the EU’s foreign, security and defense policy; international law; and human rights. Stelzenmüller is a governor of the Ditchley Foundation and a fellow of the Royal Swedish Society for War Sciences. She has worked in Germany and the United States; has been a frequent commentator on American and European radio and TV; and speaks English, French, German, and Spanish. She holds a doctorate in law from the University of Bonn, a master’s degree in public administration from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, and a law degree from the University of Bonn.

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Nina Tumarkin

Nina Tumarkin
is Professor of History at Wellesley College and a longtime Associate at the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University. Her expertise includes current Russian cultural politics; comparative national memories of war; and official apologies for historical wrongdoings. In 1985, before President Reagan’s first summit meeting with Mikhail Gorbachev in Geneva, Tumarkin served as one of six “Soviet experts” who briefed the president and his staff. She is the author of several books, including The Living and the Dead: The Rise and Fall of the Cult of World War II in Russia (Basic Books, 1995), and Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia (Harvard University Press, 1997). Her current research project is titled “Coming to Grips with the Soviet Past: The Politics of Historical Memory in Russia, 2005–2012.” She has lectured on many Wellesley alumni trips in Russia, Eastern Europe, and the Baltic.

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Lanxin Xiang

Lanxin Xiang
is Professor of International History and Politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. He previously was Associate Professor in the Political Science Department at Clemson University in South Carolina. During the year 2003–2004, Xiang held the Kissinger Chair of Foreign Policy and International Relations at the Library of Congress. He was a MacArthur Foundation Fellow in Germany in 1989 and an Olin Fellow at Yale University in 2003. Xiang has held chairs at Fudan University in Shanghai and China Foreign Affairs University in Beijing. He founded the Trilateral Forum, providing a venue for top-level policymakers to discuss China. He is a contributing editor for the publication Survival at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), London, and Dushu Magazine in Beijing. Xiang received his PhD from the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.

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Fyodor Lukyanov

Fyodor Lukyanov
is an international journalist and political analyst based in Moscow. Since 2002, he has been Editor in Chief of the journal Russia in Global Affairs, published by the Foreign Policy Research Foundation. He is Chairman of Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, the oldest Russian NGO, providing expertise in security and foreign affairs. He is also a Presidium Member of the nonprofit organization Russian Council on Foreign Affairs. Lukyanov’s previous positions include Senior Editor, Department for Broadcasting to Northern Europe, “Voice of Russia,” on International Moscow Radio (1990–1993); International Correspondent for the newspaper Segodnya (1994–1997); Editor of the international desk of the Vremya MN newspaper (1997–2000); and Deputy Editor in Chief of the Vremya Novostei newspaper (2000–2002). A graduate of the philological faculty of Moscow State University, he is fluent in German, Swedish, and English, in addition to his native Russian.

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Daniel Treisman

Daniel Treisman is Professor of Political Science at UCLA and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. His work focuses on Russian politics and economics and comparative political economy. Educated at Oxford and Harvard University, he has published four books and numerous articles in leading political science and economics journals. He has also served as a consultant for the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. In Russia, he is a member of the International Advisory Committee of the Higher School of Economics and a member of the Jury of the National Prize in Applied Economics. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow and a visiting fellow at both the Hoover Institution and the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna. His most recent book, The Return: Russia’s Journey from Gorbachev to Medvedev (2011), was named one of the Financial Times’s “Best Political Books of 2011.”

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Thomas Graham

Thomas Graham

Thomas Graham is a managing director at Kissinger Associates, focusing on Russian and Eurasian affairs. He was Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russia on the NSC staff from 2004 to 2007 and the National Security Council’s Director for Russian Affairs from 2002 to 2004. Prior to that, he served as the State Department’s Associate Director of the Policy Planning Staff. From 1998 to 2001, Graham was a Senior Associate in the Russia/Eurasia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. From 1984 to 1998, as a Foreign Service Officer, he had two tours of duty at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, where he served as head of the political/internal unit and acting Political Counselor. Between Moscow assignments, he worked on Russian and Soviet affairs on the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff and as a policy assistant in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy.

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Elena Poptodorova

Elena Poptodorova

Elena Poptodorova is our special Guest Panelist. Elena Poptodorova has served as Bulgarian Ambassador to the United States since 2010, having held the same position from 2002 to 2008, a period in which Bulgaria joined NATO and the European Union. In the interim, she led the Security Policy Directorate at Bulgaria’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and served as Ambassador-at-Large for the Black Sea Region. Although Ambassador Poptodorova began her professional life as a diplomat, she was also involved in politics in the 1990s as a member of Parliament, serving on the foreign policy, national security, radio and TV, human rights and agriculture committees. She was awarded degrees in English, Italian and international relations in Bulgaria and also studied at Leeds University in England and the University of Siena in Italy. She is currently deputy chair of the Board of Trustees of the American University in Bulgaria. She speaks English, Italian, French and Russian, in addition to her native Bulgarian.

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2014 Conference Speakers

Honorary Chairperson: Senator George J. Mitchell


Sen. George J. Mitchell was appointed to the United States Senate from Maine in 1980 to complete the un-expired term of Senator Edmund S. Muskie, who resigned to become Secretary of State. Mitchell was elected to a full term in the Senate in 1982, and reelected in 1988. He left the Senate in 1995 as the Senate Majority Leader, a position he had held since January 1989. Sen. Mitchell chaired the Peace Negotiations in Northern Ireland that led to the historic 1998 Good Friday peace accord and, in 2009, President Obama appointed him Special Envoy for the Middle East. Senator Mitchell has fought for clean air and water throughout his political career. Specifically, he was the impetus for the 1990 reauthorization of the Clean Air Act, including new controls on acid rain toxins, and he authored the first national oil spill prevention and clean-up law. The Senator George J. Mitchell Center at the University of Maine is the home of Maine’s Sustainability Solutions Initiative, as well as Maine’s congressionally-authorized Water Resources Research Institute. Mitchell was born and raised in Waterville, Maine and graduated from Waterville High School, Bowdoin College, and Georgetown University Law Center.

Keynote: Frederick Kirschenmann

Fred Kirschenmann has been involved in sustainable agriculture and food issues for most of his life. He currently serves as both a Distinguished Fellow at the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture at Iowa State University, and as President of the Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture in Pocantico Hills, New York. He also continues to manage his family’s 1,800-acre certified organic farm in south central North Dakota. He is a professor in the ISU Department of Religion and Philosophy and holds a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Chicago. He has held numerous appointments, including the USDA’s National Organic Standards Board and the National Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production operated by the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and funded by Pew Charitable Trusts. Kirschenmann also has been advisor for several documentaries including American Meat and Symphony of the Soil. In April 2010, the University Press of Kentucky published a book of Kirschenmann’s essays, Cultivating an Ecological Conscience: Essays from a Farmer Philosopher, that trace the evolution of his ecological and farming philosophy over the past 30 years. Kirschenmann served as the Leopold Center’s second director from July 2000 to November 2005 and has been recognized widely for his work. He was one of the first 10 recipients of the James F. Beard Foundation Leadership awards in 2011 and received the 2012 Sustainable Agriculture Achievement Award from Practical Farmers of Iowa.

Moderator: John Piotti

John Piotti

John Piotti is President and CEO of Maine Farmland Trust, an award-winning statewide non-profit organization that has helped over 125 Maine farms remain viable and helped protect over 25,000 acres of Maine’s best farmland. John has worked on agriculture issues for the past 16 years. Through 2006, he managed all the farm programs for Coastal Enterprises, Inc. (CEI), Maine’s premiere community development organization. He has served as chair of the Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Working Group (NESAWG) and as a director of the National Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture. From 2002 to 2010 John also served in Maine’s citizen Legislature, where he chaired the Agriculture Committee and served as House Majority Leader. In 2005, John was one of only eight Americans awarded a prestigious Eisenhower Fellowship. He spent time in Sweden and Brussels exploring European models for using agriculture as a vehicle to advance sustainable community development. John holds three degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), in engineering, public policy, and management. He lives in Unity, Maine with his wife Susan and children Anna and John.

David Gustafson

David Gustafson

Dave Gustafson is a Senior Science Fellow at Monsanto Company, where he serves as the regulatory lead for Water Quality and Agricultural Sustainability. His research on the environmental challenges surrounding agriculture has now spanned nearly 30 years. The initial focus of his work was the development of new computer models for predicting the environmental behavior of crop chemicals, especially their potential impacts on water quality. Among the models he developed for this purpose is the GUS-Index, which is now used by regulatory agencies worldwide to determine the potential of pesticides to contaminate ground water supplies. In subsequent years, Dave developed new modeling approaches to pollen-mediated gene flow and the population genetics of insect and weed resistance. In 2007, Dave served as an inaugural member and lead for the Monsanto Fellows Climate Change Panel, which reported back to the company on the degree of scientific certainty in global climate modeling, and how it is likely to impact agriculture around the world. He now serves on various Monsanto teams looking at the new imperatives and constraints placed on agriculture by man-made global warming, hypoxia, and other environmental challenges. Dave holds a B.S. and Ph.D., both in chemical engineering, from Stanford University and the University of Washington in Seattle.

Andrew Guzman

Berkeley law professor Andrew Guzman is author of the widely acclaimed book Overheated: The Human Cost of Climate Change from Oxford University Press, which argues that climate change will be a social and political disaster of the first order, bringing unprecedented migrations, famine, war, and disease. Professor of Law and Director of the Advanced Law degree Programs at Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley, Professor Guzman holds a J.D. and Ph.D. (economics) from Harvard University. He has written extensively on international trade, international regulatory matters, foreign direct investment and public international law, and served as editor on the recently published Handbook of International Economic Law (Elgar Publishers) and authored How International Law Works (Oxford University Press). Guzman is also a member of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration’s Academic Council and is on the board of several academic journals. He has taught as a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, the University of Chicago Law School, the University of Virginia Law School, Vanderbilt Law School, the University of Hamburg, and the National University Law School in Bangalore, India.

Jim Harkness

Jim Harkness recently became the Senior Advisor on China for the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy and has been President of the organization since 2006. Previously he served as executive director of the World Wildlife Fund in China from 1999-2005, where he expanded the organization’s profile from a strict focus on conservation of biodiversity to also addressing the consequences of China’s economic growth on a broader sustainable development agenda. From 1995-1999, Jim worked as the Ford Foundation’s Environment and Development Program Officer for China. He has written and spoken frequently on China and sustainable development, and has served as an advisor to the World Bank and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Jim earned a B.A. in Asian studies from the University of Wisconsin and a master’s in development sociology from Cornell University.

Calestous Juma

Calestous Juma is Professor of the Practice of International Development and Director of the Science, Technology, and Globalization Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs of Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He directs the Agricultural Innovation in Africa Project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and serves as Faculty Chair of Innovation for Economic Development executive program. Juma is a former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and Founding Director of the African Centre for Technology Studies in Nairobi, Kenya. He is co-chair of the African Union’s High-Level Panel on Science, Technology and Innovation and a jury member of the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. He was Chancellor of the University of Guyana and has been elected to several scientific academies including the Royal Society of London, the US National Academy of Sciences, the World Academy of Sciences, the UK Royal Academy of Engineering and the African Academy of Sciences. He has won several international awards for his work on sustainable development. He holds a doctorate in science and technology policy studies and has written widely on science, technology, and environment. Juma serves on the boards of several international bodies and is editor of the International Journal of Technology and Globalisation and the International Journal of Biotechnology. His latest book, The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa, was published by Oxford University Press in 2011.

Andreas Merkl

Andreas Merkl is the President and CEO of Ocean Conservancy which educates and empowers citizens to take action to tackle the ocean’s biggest challenges with science-based solutions. Prior to taking the helm at Ocean Conservancy, Andreas served as a principal at California Environmental Associates, a San Francisco-based think tank and consultancy that works on the management of the natural resource commons, ranging from fisheries to freshwater, forests, air and biodiversity. Andreas’ particular interest has been the deeply connected challenges of ocean ecosystem decline and climate change. He has worked with the major U.S. foundations, multi-laterals and corporations on developing market-based incentive systems for responsible resource stewardship, ranging from catch-share systems for commercial fisheries to green growth development mechanisms for developing countries. Earlier in his career, Merkl was a founding member of McKinsey & Company’s Environmental Practice and served as Vice President and co-founder of the CH2M HILL Strategy Group, a leading provider of environmental management consulting services worldwide. Andreas has broad experience in environmental management consulting, venture capital, mergers and acquisitions, and business strategy. He holds an MBA with distinction from Harvard University, a master’s degree in Regional Planning and Natural Resource Analysis from the University of California at Berkeley, and a bachelor’s degree in Environmental Studies from the University of California at Santa Cruz.

Kathleen Merrigan

Kathleen Merrigan is the former deputy secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture where she oversaw its daily operations and served on the President’s Management Council, working to improve accountability and performance across the federal government. Merrigan managed the USDA’s Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food initiative to highlight the critical connection between farmers and consumers and support local and regional food systems that increase economic opportunity in rural America. In 2009 she made history as the first woman to chair the Ministerial Conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and, in 2010, was named by Time magazine as among the 100 Most Influential People in the World.

Robert Paarlberg

Robert Paarlberg, Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, is an independent scholar and consultant specializing in global food and agricultural policy. He is the Betty Freyhof Johnson Professor of Political Science at Wellesley College and an Associate at Harvard’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. He received his BA in government from Carleton College and his PhD in government from Harvard. Paarlberg has recently been a member of the Board of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the National Research Council and a consultant to the National Intelligence Council (NIC), USAID, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the World Bank, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. In 2009 he presented testimony on U.S. agricultural development assistance policy to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. His 2008 book from Harvard University Press was titled Starved for Science: How Biotechnology is Being Kept out of Africa. His 2010 book from Oxford University Press is titled Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know.

August “Gus” Schumacher, Jr.

Gus Schumacher is the Vice President of Policy at the Wholesome Wave Foundation in Westport, Connecticut, an organization that links local farmers around the country to supply healthy, sustainably grown produce at farmers’ markets to under-served neighborhoods. As the Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services at United States Department of Agriculture from 1997 to 2001, Gus oversaw the Farm Service Agency, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and the Risk Management Agency. Prior to his appointment, Schumacher served as Administrator of the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service, worked as a senior agri-lender for the World Bank, and served as Commissioner of Food and Agriculture for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Schumacher is a member of the 21st Century Sustainable Agricultural Task Force of the National Academy of Sciences and was recently honored with the James Beard Foundation’s Leadership Award. He holds a degree in economics from Harvard College, studied at the London School of Economics and was a research associate in agribusiness at the Harvard Business School.

M. Ann Tutwiler

M. Ann Tutwiler is the Director General of Bioversity International, an international research for development organization that is a member of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) Consortium. As the Director General, Tutwiler is responsible for leading Bioversity International, forging effective research partnerships and overseeing the organization’s strategic priorities and research agenda. Tutwiler has almost 30 years of experience in agricultural policy and development working in the public and private sectors. Tutwiler was formerly the Special Representative of the Director General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) in Geneva. She served as Deputy Director General, Knowledge, at FAO from January 2011 through November 2012, where she coordinated the development of cohesive Rome food agency positions on Rio+20 for FAO, with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Programme (WFP) and Bioversity International. From June 2009 to January 2011, she worked for the Secretary for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), leading and coordinating USDA’s participation in the President’s ‘Feed the Future’ initiative and developing USDA’s international research strategy. Previously, she served as Senior Advisor of International Affairs for the U.S. Agency for International Development. Tutwiler holds a master’s degree from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and a bachelor’s degree from Davidson College, where she received the John W. Kuykendall Award for Community Service in 2005. She holds certificates in Agribusiness from Purdue University and Harvard Business School.

2013 Conference Speakers

Robin Wright

Keynote: Robin Wright

Robin Wright is a journalist, author, and foreign policy analyst. She has reported from more than 140 countries on six continents for the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, the Sunday Times of London, CBS News, and the Christian Science Monitor. She won the National Magazine Award for The New Yorker. She has also written for The Atlantic Monthly, the New York Times Magazine, TIME, The Wall Street Journal, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, and many others. Wright has been a foreign correspondent in the Middle East, Europe, Africa, and spent several years as a roving correspondent in Asia and Latin America. She most recently covered U.S. foreign policy for the Washington Post. Besides a long career in journalism, Wright has been a fellow at the Brookings Institution, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Yale, Duke, Stanford, the University of California at Santa Barbara, and the University of Southern California. She received her B.A. and M.A. from the University of Michigan. Wright has held a joint appointment as a United States Institute of Peace Senior Fellow and Wilson Center Distinguished Scholar during which she produced three books: The Iran Primer: Power, Politics, and U.S. Policy (2010), Rock the Casbah: Rage and Rebellion Across the Islamic World (2011), and The Islamists Are Coming: Who They Really Are (2012).

Moderator: R. Nicholas Burns

Nicholas Burns is currently Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics at the Harvard Kennedy School. He retired from the State Department in April, 2008 after a distinguished career spanning 27 years. From 2005 until his retirement, Burns was Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs – the third-ranking position in the State Department – where he led U.S. negotiations with such countries as Iran, India, and Kosovo, and supervised U.S. diplomacy in all regions of the world. Burns was U.S. Ambassador to NATO and to Greece. He was the State Department Spokesman for two years and spent five years on the National Security Council staff including as Special Assistant to President Clinton focusing on the former Soviet Union. Later he was Director for Soviet Affairs on the NSC under President George H.W. Bush. Earlier in his career, Burns was posted to Egypt and Mauritania and served as Political Officer at the American Consulate General in Jerusalem. He is Director of the Aspen Strategy Group, Senior Counselor at the Cohen Group, and serves on many boards including the Atlantic Council, the Rockefeller Brothers, the American Ditchley Foundation, Veracity Worldwide, the Center for a New American Security, and the Appeal of Conscience, as well as being a proud member of Red Sox Nation.

Shai Feldman

Prof. Shai Feldman is the Judith and Sidney Swartz Director of the Crown Center for Middle East Studies and Professor of Politics at Brandeis University. He is also a Senior Fellow and a member of the Board of Directors of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs where he serves as co-chair of the Crown-Belfer Middle East Project. Prof. Feldman is also an Associate Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) in London. In 2001-2003, Feldman served as a member of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. Educated at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Prof. Feldman was awarded the Ph.D. by the University of California at Berkeley in 1980.

Prof. Feldman is the author of numerous publications, including: Israeli Nuclear Deterrence: A Strategy for the 1980s (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982); The Future of U.S.-Israel Strategic Cooperation(Washington D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1996); Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control in the Middle East (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997);Bridging the Gap: A Future Security Architecture for the Middle East (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997 – with Abdullah Toukan (Jordan); and,Track-II Diplomacy: Lessons from the Middle East (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003 – with Hussein Agha, Ahmad Khalidi, and Zeev Schiff).

F. Gregory Gause

F. Gregory Gause III is a professor and chair of the political science department at the University of Vermont. In 2009 and 2010, he was the Kuwait Foundation visiting professor of international affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. He was previously on the faculty of Columbia University between 1987 and 1995, and was also the fellow for Arab and Islamic studies at the Council on Foreign Relations from 1993 to 1994. His scholarly articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Security Studies, Middle East Journal, and other journals and edited volumes. His most recent book is The International Relations of the Persian Gulf. He has testified on Gulf issues before congressional committees and has made numerous appearances on television and radio commenting on Middle East issues. Gause received his PhD in political science from Harvard University and his BA summa cum laude from St. Joseph’s University in Philadelphia. He also studied Arabic at the American University in Cairo and Middlebury College.

Barbara Ibrahim

Barbara Ibrahim is founding director of the John D. Gerhart Center for Philanthropy and Civic Engagement, established in 2006 at the American University in Cairo. Prior to that she served for 14 years as regional director for West Asia and North Africa of the Population Council. From 1982 to 1990, she was a program officer at the Ford Foundation regional office in Cairo, responsible for programs in urban poverty, micro-enterprise lending, and gender studies. In 1990, she was a senior research associate at the Center for the Study of Philanthropy, City University of New York. She has an MA in sociology from the American University of Beirut (1975) and a Ph.D. in sociology from Indiana University (1980). Her publications are in the fields of women’s employment, youth transitions to adulthood, gender and health, and Arab philanthropy. In 1999, she was inducted into the International Educators’ Hall of Fame. She received the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Association of Middle East Women’s Studies in 2003.

Joshua Landis

Joshua M. Landis is Director of the Center for Middle East Studies and Associate Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Oklahoma where he teaches modern Middle Eastern history and politics and writes on Syria and its surrounding countries. Dr. Landis writes “Syria Comment,” a daily newsletter on Syrian politics that attracts some 3,000 readers a day. It is widely read by officials in Washington, Europe and Syria. Dr. Landis regularly travels to Washington DC to consult with the State Department and other government agencies. He is a frequent analyst on TV and radio. Most recently he has appeared on the Jim Lehrer News Hour, Charlie Rose Show, CNN, Fox News, and has been widely quoted in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, LA Times, and comments frequently for NPR and BBC radio. He has spoken at the Brookings Institute, USIP, Middle East Institute, and Council on Foreign Relations. He was educated at Swarthmore (BA), Harvard (MA), and Princeton (PhD). He has lived over 14 years in the Middle East and received numerous grants to study in the region, including three Fulbright grants and one from the Social Science Research Council.

Marc Lynch

Marc Lynch is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University in Washington, D.C. He serves as Director of the Institute for Middle East Studies as well as the Middle East Studies Program. Lynch also leads the Project on Middle East Political Science and edits the Middle East Channel for He is a non-resident fellow at the Center for a New American Society. Professor Lynch received his B.A. in Political Science from Duke University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Government from Cornell University. Lynch is author of Voices of the New Arab Public: Iraq, al-Jazeera, and Middle East Politics Today (Columbia Univ. Press–2007) and the recently issued The Arab Uprising: The Incomplete Revolutions of the New Middle East (Public Affairs Press).

Seyed Hossein Mousavian

Seyed Hossein Mousavian is a Research Scholar at the Program on Science and Global Security. He is a former diplomat who served as Iran’s Ambassador to Germany (1990-1997), head of the Foreign Relations Committee of Iran’s National Security Council (1997-2005) and as spokesman for Iran in its nuclear negotiations with the European Union (2003-5). He has taught at Islamic Azad University (Tehran), served as Vice President of Iran’s official Center for Strategic Research (Tehran) and was the editor in chief of the Tehran Times. Mousavian earned a PhD in international relations from the University of Kent in the U.K. His research focuses on options for resolving the crisis over Iran’s nuclear program through diplomacy and improving US-Iran relations.

Marwan Muasher

Marwan Muasher is a Jordanian diplomat who currently serves as Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C. He began his career as a journalist with the Jordan Times before serving with the Ministry of Planning and in the office of the Prime Minister of Jordan. Foreign postings began as Director of the Jordan Information Bureau in Washington, D.C. In 1995 Muasher was Jordan’s first Ambassador to Israel. A year later he was Minister of Information and government spokesman in Amman. From 1997 to 2002 he was Jordan’s Ambassador to the United States. For two years he was Foreign Minister and then served as Deputy Prime Minister leading a reform and planning agenda for the government. From 2007 to 2010 Muasher was Senior Vice President for External Affairs at the World Bank. He is the author of The Arab Center: The Promise of Moderation (Yale University Press-2008) and is writing a book on the Arab Awakening.

Laurence Pope

Laurence Everett Pope II was the United States Ambassador to Chad from 1993 to 1996 and former US Chargé d’Affaires to Libya. Pope held a number of senior posts in the Department of State. He was the Director for Northern Gulf Affairs (1987–1990), Associate Director for Counter-Terrorism (1991–1993), U.S. Ambassador to Chad (1993–1996), and Political Advisor to General Zinni USMC, Commander-in-Chief of United States Central Command (1997–2000). From October 2012 – January 2013, Ambassador Pope served as the U.S Chargé d’Affaires in Libya, assuming the duties of the late J. Christopher Stevens, the former U.S. Ambassador to Libya. Ambassador Pope retired from the U.S. Foreign Service on October 2, 2000 after 31 years of service. He continues to consult with various institutions and is a respected arabist. A graduate of Bowdoin College, Pope also had advanced studies at Princeton University and is a graduate of the U.S. Department of State Senior Seminar, a Senior Fellow at the Armed Forces Staff College. He speaks Arabic and French, and resides in Portland, Maine.

2012 Conference Speakers


Keynote: Bill Richardson

The Honorable William Blaine “Bill” Richardson III completed his second term as Governor of New Mexico in December 2010. Since entering life as a private citizen, Governor Richardson was named chairman of APCO Worldwide’s executive advisory service Global Political Strategies (GPS). In January 2011, Richardson was named Special Envoy for the Organization of American States (OAS), adding another platform for initiatives within peace and reconciliation in the Western hemisphere. In addition, the Governor has joined several non-profit and for profit boards. The Governor also gives speeches on domestic and foreign policy through the Washington Speakers Bureau.

Governor Richardson was first elected to office in 2002 and re-elected in 2006 with the support of 69 percent of voters, representing the largest margin of victory for any Governor in state history. Bill Richardson’s bold governing style moved New Mexico forward in several important areas, including: clean energy, education, environment, and health care.

In 2008, Governor Richardson sought the Democratic nomination for President of the United States.

Governor Richardson served for 15 years in northern New Mexico representing the 3rd Congressional District. Governor Richardson served in 1997 as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and in 1998, he was unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy.

While a congressman, Richardson served as a special envoy on many sensitive international missions. He successfully won the release of hostages, American servicemen, and prisoners in North Korea, Iraq, Cuba and Sudan. Governor Richardson has been nominated several times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 2001, Richardson assumed the chairmanship of Freedom House, a private, non-partisan organization that promotes democracy worldwide. He also worked as a business consultant in Santa Fe and served on several boards including the Natural Resource Defense Council and United Way International.

Bill Richardson has been married to his high school sweetheart, Barbara, for 37 years. Richardson received a BA from Tufts in 1970 and a MA from Tuft’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1971.

Moderator and Speaker: R. Nicholas Burns

Nicholas Burns is Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics at the Harvard Kennedy School. He is Director of the Future of Diplomacy Project and Faculty Chair for the Programs on the Middle East and on India and South Asia. He also serves on the Board of Directors of the School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He was a visiting Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars in summer 2008.

He is Director of the Aspen Strategy Group, Senior Counselor at the Cohen Group, Vice Chairman of the American Ditchley Foundation and serves on the Board of Directors of Entegris, Inc., and the Advisory Board for Veracity Worldwide. Burns is on the Board of Directors of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Center for a New American Security, The Atlantic Council and a number of other non-profit organizations. He serves on the Panel of Senior Advisors at Chatham House: the Royal Institute of International Affairs, and on the Board of the Associates of the Boston Public Library. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission., the Order of Saint John and Red Sox Nation.

Ambassador Burns served in the United States Foreign Service for twenty-seven years until his retirement in April 2008. He was Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2005 to 2008, the State Department’s third-ranking official when he led negotiations on the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement, a long-term military assistance agreement with Israel and was the lead U.S. negotiator on Iran’s nuclear program. He was U.S. Ambassador to NATO (2001-2005) and to Greece (1997-2001) and State Department Spokesman (1995-1997). He worked for five years (1990-1995) on the National Security Council at the White House when he was Senior Director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia Affairs and Special Assistant to President Clinton and, before that, Director for Soviet Affairs in the Administration of President George H.W. Bush. Burns also served in the American Consulate General in Jerusalem from 1985 to 1987 where he coordinated U.S. economic assistance to the Palestinian people in the West Bank and before that, at the American embassies in Egypt and Mauritania. He has received twelve honorary degrees, the Secretary of State’s Distinguished Service Award, the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service from the Johns Hopkins University and the Boston College Alumni Achievement Award. Burns has a BA in History from Boston College (1978) and an MA in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (1980). He also earned the Certificat Pratique de Langue Francaise at the University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1977.

Deborah Amos

Deborah Amos covers the Middle East for NPR News. Her reports can be heard on NPR’s award-winning Morning Edition, All Things Considered and Weekend Edition.
Amos travels extensively across the Middle East covering a range of stories including the rise of well-educated Syria youth who are unqualified for jobs in a market-drive economy, a series focusing on the emerging power of Turkey and the plight of Iraqi refugees.

In 2009, Amos won the Edward Weintal Prize for Diplomatic Reporting from Georgetown University and in 2010 was awarded the Edward R. Murrow Life Time Achievement Award by Washington State University. Amos was part of a team of reporters who won a 2004 Alfred I. Dupont-Columbia Award for coverage of Iraq. A Nieman Fellow at Harvard University in 1991-1992, Amos was returned to Harvard in 2010 as a Shorenstein Fellow at the Kennedy School.

In 2003, Amos returned to NPR after a decade in television news, including ABC’s Nightline and World News Tonight and the PBS programs NOW with Bill Moyers and Frontline.

When Amos first came to NPR in 1977, she worked first as a director and then a producer for Weekend All Things Considered until 1979. For the next six years, she worked on radio documentaries, which won her several significant honors. In 1982, Amos received the Prix Italia, the Ohio State Award, and a DuPont-Columbia Award for “Father Cares: The Last of Jonestown” and in 1984 she received a Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award for “Refugees.”

From 1985 until 1993, Amos spend most of her time at NPR reporting overseas, including as the London Bureau Chief and as an NPR foreign correspondent based in Amman, Jordan. During that time, Amos won several awards, including an Alfred I. DuPont-Columbia Award and a Break thru Award, and widespread recognition for her coverage of the Gulf War in 1991.

A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Amos is also the author of Eclipse of the Sunnis: Power, Exile, and Upheaval in the Middle East (Public Affairs, 2010) and Lines in the Sand: Desert Storm and the Remaking of the Arab World (Simon and Schuster, 1992).

Amos began her career after receiving a degree in broadcasting from the University of Florida at Gainesville.

Pete du Pont

Pete du Pont is a regular columnist on, the editorial page website of The Wall Street Journal. Entitled, Outside the Box, du Pont’s columns discuss current public policy and political matters.

du Pont has served as a state legislator, U.S. Congressman, Governor, and in 1988 was a Republican candidate for President of the United States. In 1996, Pete du Pont co-founded, a weekly on-line public policy journal featuring the leading ideas of renowned public policy thinkers.

Pete du Pont began his political career in 1968 with his election to the House of Representatives of the Delaware General Assembly. He served for six years in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1971-1977. He was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, and in l975 was picked by Time magazine as one of America’s “200 Faces for the Future.”

In l976, Pete du Pont was elected Governor of Delaware. He was re-elected in 1980 to a second term, winning a record 7l% of the vote and becoming the first Delaware Governor reelected in 20 years. During his tenure as Delaware’s Governor, du Pont restored financial integrity to the state government. He signed into law two income tax reduction measures, the first tax reductions in Delaware’s history, and a constitutional amendment that restrained future tax increases and limited government spending. He balanced his state budget eight out of eight years.

As Governor, Pete du Pont also focused his energies on education and preventing youth unemployment. In 1979, he founded the nonprofit “Jobs for Delaware Graduates,” an employment counseling and job placement program for high school seniors not bound for college. This successful program gave birth in 1980 to “Jobs for America’s Graduates,” an identical movement currently functioning in twenty some states and foreign countries.

In his campaign for the Presidency, du Pont’s focus was upon the central issues facing our country — the economy, taxes, education, retirement income, and defense.

A leader in the debate on how to improve education, in 1984 Pete du Pont served as Chairman of the Education Commission of the States, a national organization of educators dedicated to improving all facets of American education.

du Pont was a member of the National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform. The Commission was established by Speaker Gingrich and Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole to examine overhauling the tax system. The Commission’s January report called for repeal of the existing tax code and its replacement with a low, single-rate tax with a generous personal exemption.

Pete du Pont served as Chairman of the Hudson Institute from 1985-1987 and the National Review Institute from 1994-1997. He received his Bachelor of Science in Engineering in 1956 from Princeton University. After graduating from Princeton, he served as a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy from 1957-1960. He graduated with his Doctors of Law degree from Harvard University in 1963. Upon graduation from Harvard, he joined the Du Pont Company at its Wilmington, Delaware, headquarters, and held several positions there until 1968 when he resigned as quality control supervisor to begin his political career.

Pete du Pont was born in Wilmington, Delaware, on January 22, 1935. He is married to the former Elise R. Wood. They have a daughter, three sons, four granddaughters and three grandsons.

Amory B. Lovins

Amory Lovins, a MacArthur and Ashoka Fellow and consultant physicist, is among the world’s leading innovators in energy and its links with resources, security, development, and environment. He has advised the energy and other industries for more than three decades as well as the U.S. Departments of Energy and Defense. His work in 50+ countries has been recognized by the “Alternative Nobel,” Blue Planet, Volvo, Onassis, Nissan, Shingo, Goff Smith, and Mitchell Prizes, the Benjamin Franklin and Happold Medals, 11 honorary doctorates, honorary membership of the American Institute of Architects, Foreign Membership of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, honorary Senior Fellowship of the Design Futures Council, and the Heinz, Lindbergh, Jean Meyer, Time Hero for the Planet, Time International Hero of the Environment, Popular Mechanics Breakthrough Leadership, National Design (Design Mind), and World Technology Awards.

A Harvard and Oxford dropout and former Oxford don, he has briefed 20 heads of state and advises major firms and governments worldwide, recently including the leadership of Coca-Cola, Deutsche Bank, Ford, Holcim, Interface, and Wal-Mart.

In 2009, Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world, and Foreign Policy, one of the 100 top global thinkers.

Mr. Lovins cofounded and is Chairman and Chief Scientist of Rocky Mountain Institute (, an independent, market-oriented, entrepreneurial, nonprofit, nonpartisan think-and-do tank that creates abundance by design. Much of its pathfinding work on advanced resource productivity (typically with expanding returns to investment) and innovative business strategies is synthesized in Natural Capitalism (1999, with Paul Hawken and L.H. Lovins, This intellectual capital provides most of RMI’s revenue through private-sector consultancy that has served or been invited by more than 80 Fortune 500 firms, lately redesigning more than $30 billion worth of facilities in 29 sectors. In 1992, RMI spun off E SOURCE (, and in 1999, Fiberforge Corporation (, a composites technology firm that Mr. Lovins chaired until 2007; its technology, when matured and scaled, will permit cost effective manufacturing of the ultralight-hybrid Hypercar® vehicles he invented in 1991.

The latest of his numerous books is Reinventing Fire: Bold Business Solutions for the New Energy Era (2011, Chelsea Green Publishing), in which Lovins maps a robust path for integrating comprehensive energy solutions in four industries-transportation, buildings, electricity, and manufacturing-melding radically efficient energy use with reliable, secure, renewable energy supplies. Others include: Small Is Profitable: The Hidden Economic Benefits of Making Electrical Resources the Right Size (2002,, an Economist book of the year blending financial economics with electrical engineering, and the Pentagon-cosponsored Winning the Oil Endgame (2004,, a roadmap for eliminating U.S. oil use by the 2040s, led by business for profit. His most recent visiting academic chair was in spring 2007 as MAP/Ming Professor in Stanford’s School of Engineering, offering the University’s first course on advanced energy efficiency (

Colonel Mark Mykleby

Colonel Mark “Puck” Mykleby was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps following his graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1987. He was designated a naval aviator and qualified F/A-18 pilot in 1990. Mykleby has served in five fleet fighter squadrons and his operational experience includes five deployments (land based and ship borne) to the European, Pacific, and Southwest Asian theaters. He has participated in combat operations in support of Operations PROVIDE PROMISE, DENY FLIGHT, SOUTHERN WATCH, and IRAQI FREEDOM.

From 2007 to 2009, he developed strategy for US Special Operations Command and from 2009 until 2011 he served as a special strategic assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff developing grand strategy, and where he co-wrote “A National Strategic Narrative,” with Navy Captain Wayne Porter, which offers a contextual narrative to help guide future U.S. policy. Mark retired from the Marine Corps in July 2011 and has joined LRN, a company dedicated to helping organizations build ethical, values-based cultures that inspire principled performance in business and in life.

Colonel Mykleby is a graduate of Marine Weapons and Tactics Instructor School, the Navy Fighter Weapons School (Topgun), and the Allied Air Forces Central Europe’s Tactical Leadership Program (TLP). Mykleby graduated from the United States Naval Academy with distinction in 1987 and the Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare School in 1995. He holds both a Masters of National Security Studies from the Air War College and a Masters of Military Studies from the Marine Corps Command and Staff College.

Capt. Wayne Porter

Capt. Wayne Porter’s distinguished career in the U.S. Navy began with his commission in 1986. His tours have included Fleet Ocean Surveillance Intelligence Center, The USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19), Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), and the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Capt. Wayne Porter recently joined the Naval Postgraduate School as the new Chair of Systemic Strategy and Complexity under the Global Public Policy Academic Group.

Porter most recently served as the special strategic assistant to former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Mike Mullen, and co-wrote “A National Strategic Narrative,” with retired Marine Corps Col. Mark Mykleby, which offers a contextual narrative to help guide future U.S. policy. Porter holds dual master’s degrees in Computer Science and Joint Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence. He is currently working on his Ph.D. at NPS, testing systems and complexity theories in his dissertation research.

Clyde Prestowitz

Clyde Prestowitz is founder and President of the Economic Strategy Institute. His leadership has propelled ESI into an important role in the public policy process, influencing and often defining the terms of the debate in the areas of international trade policy, economic competitiveness, and the effects of globalization. Mr. Prestowitz has played key roles in achieving congressional passage of NAFTA and in shaping the final content of the Uruguay Round, as well as providing the intellectual basis for current U.S. trade policies toward Japan, China, and Korea.

Prior to founding ESI, Mr. Prestowitz served as counselor to the Secretary of Commerce in the Reagan Administration. There, he led many U.S. trade and investment negotiations with Japan, China, Latin America, and Europe. Before joining the Commerce Department, he was a senior businessman in the United States, Europe, Japan, and throughout Asia and Latin America. He has served as vice chairman of the President’s Committee on Trade and Investment in the Pacific and sits on the Intel Policy Advisory Board and the U.S. Export-Import Bank Advisory Board.

Clyde Prestowitz regularly writes for leading publications, including the New York Times, the Washington Post, Fortune, and Foreign Affairs. He is the author of the best-selling book on U.S.-Japan relations, Trading Places, and co-author and editor of several other books on international trade and business strategy including Asia After the Miracle; Powernomics; Bit by Bit; The New North American Trade Order; Rogue Nation; and Three Billion New Capitalists. His latest book, The Betrayal of American Prosperity: Free Market Delusions, America’s Decline, and How We Must Compete in the Post-Dollar Era, addresses how we can restore our economic leadership and excellence.

Mr. Prestowitz has a B.A. with honors from Swarthmore College; an M.A. in East-West Policies and Economics from the East-West Center of the University of Hawaii; and an M.B.A. from the Wharton Graduate School of Business. He also studied at Keio University in Tokyo. He is fluent in Japanese, Dutch, German, and French.

Robert B. Schwartz

Robert Schwartz has since 1996 been a lecturer on education at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education, where he currently directs the Education and Management Program. From 1997-2002 he also served as founding President of Achieve, Inc., an independent, bipartisan, non-profit organization created by the nation’s governors and corporate leaders to help states raise standards and improve performance in the schools. In its first five years Achieve conducted benchmarking studies of state standards, tests, and related education policies for 16 states; organized an interstate consortium to strengthen middle grades mathematics education; launched the American Diploma Project, an initiative with three other national organizations and five states to close the gap between high school exit requirements in reading, writing and mathematics and the real-world demands of colleges and high-skills workplaces; and hosted two National Education Summits.

Over the past four decades, Mr. Schwartz has worked in a variety of roles in education and government. He has been a high school English teacher and principal; an education advisor to the Mayor of Boston and the Governor of Massachusetts; an assistant director of the National Institute of Education; a special assistant to the President of the University of Massachusetts; and Executive Director of The Boston Compact, a public-private partnership designed to improve access to higher education and employment for urban high school graduates.

From 1990 to 1996, Schwartz directed the education grant making program of The Pew Charitable Trusts, one of the nations’ largest private philanthropies. Among the major reform projects initiated during his tenure at the Trusts were New Standards, a voluntary national system of student performance standards and assessments developed jointly by the University of Pittsburgh, the National Center of Education and the Economy, and 17 partner states; Community Compacts for Student Success, a six city K-16 systemic reform effort to increase the enrollment and success rates of disadvantaged students in higher education; and the National Youth Apprenticeship Initiative, a policy, research and technical assistance initiative developed by Jobs for the Future aimed at promoting better national, state and local policies and programs to prepare young people for work and further learning.

Mr. Schwartz has written and spoken widely on such topics as standards-based reform, public-private partnerships, school-to-work, and the role of higher education in K-12 reform. He currently serves on the boards of The Education Trust, Teachers 21, and the National Academy of Science’s Center for Education, and on advisory committees for The Boston Foundation, the Annenberg Institute for School Reform, and the Public Education Network. He has degrees from Harvard College and Brandeis University.

Col. Lawrence B. Wilkerson

Lawrence B. “Larry” Wilkerson is a retired U.S. Army Colonel and former chief of staff to Secretary of State Colin Powell. Wilkerson left Bucknell University in 1966 to enlist in the army during the Vietnam War. He served as pilot of an observation helicopter in combat, then went to Airborne School and Ranger School. He then earned his B.A. and graduate degrees in International Relations and National Security. He attended the Naval War College and later taught there. Later he was deputy director of the Marine Corps War College at Quantico. After several years in the Navy’s Pacific Command he became a top assistant to General Colin Powell and stayed in that role as Powell moved through a series of high-level appointments—ultimately as Secretary of State. He was deeply upset over his role in Powell’s faulty U.N. presentation on Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction and, following retirement, has been a frequent critic of government policies and practices (and secrecy) in the second term of President George W. Bush. Wilkerson is now a visiting professor at the College of William and Mary and a Professional Lecturer in the Honors Program at the George Washington University.


2011 Conference Speakers


Keynote: Chas W. Freeman, Jr.

Chas Freeman is an American diplomat, author, and writer. He has served for the State and Defense Departments in many different capacities, beginning in 1965, working first in India and Taiwan before being assigned to the State Department’s China desk. There he was assigned as the principal interpreter during United States President Richard Nixon’s 1972 first visit to the People’s Republic of China. He later became the State Department Deputy Director for Republic of China (Taiwan) affairs. After various positions within the State Department he was given overseas assignments as deputy chief of mission in Beijing, China and then Bangkok, Thailand, before being selected as principal deputy assistant secretary of state for African affairs in 1986. He became United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia in November 1989, serving during Operation Desert Storm, until 1992.

From 1992 to 1993 Ambassador Freeman was a Distinguished Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies. From 1993 to 1994 he was Assistant Secretary of Defense, International Security Affairs. From 1994 to 1995 he was Distinguished Fellow, United States Institute of Peace. In 1995 he became Chairman of the Board of Projects International, Inc., a Washington, D.C.-based business development firm arranging international joint ventures. He also is a member of the board of several diplomatic institutes, as well as of several corporate and non-profit advisory boards.

He is a past president of the Middle East Policy Council, co-chair of the U.S. China Policy Foundation, and vice-chair of the Atlantic Council. In his over thirty year diplomatic career, Ambassador Freeman has received two Distinguished Public Service Awards, three Presidential Meritorious Service Awards and a Distinguished Honor Award. He speaks fluent Chinese, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Moderator: T.M.( Mac ) Deford


T.M.( Mac ) Deford started his career as a Foreign Service Officer in Vietnam in 1966. Subsequently, he studied Arabic in Beirut, after which he served in Saudi Arabia and Washington. He resigned from the Foreign Service in 1977, as the political counselor at the embassy in Amman, Jordan, to join Merrill Lynch International. He spent most of his Merrill career in Latin America and Asia, retiring in 1997 as the managing director in Hong Kong for Merrill’s Asian Private Banking business. Upon retirement, he relocated to Maine, getting a master’s degree in Theological Studies from Bangor Theological Seminary in 2001. He was the president of the board of the Farnsworth Museum in Rockland and is active on a number of non-profit boards, including International College in Beirut, the Nieman Fellows at Harvard University, the School of Policy and International Affairs at the University of Maine, and the advisory council of the Camden Conference. He is also the president of the Midcoast Forum on Foreign Relations in Camden. He writes a weekly foreign column for midcoast Maine’s Free Press.


Pranab Bardhan

Pranab Kumar Bardhan is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley (since 1977). Educated in Presidency College, Kolkata and Cambridge University, England, he had been on the faculty of MIT, Delhi School of Economics, and Indian Statistical Institute, before joining Berkeley. He has been Visiting Professor/ Fellow at London School of Economics, Trinity College, Cambridge, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, and University of Siena, Italy.

He has done theoretical and field studies research on rural institutions in poor countries, on political economy of development policies, and on international trade and globalization. A part of his work is in the interdisciplinary area of economics, political science, and social anthropology. He has been on the editorial board of a number of economics journals, including The American Economic Review (1978–81), the Journal of Economic Perspectives (1989–94), the International Economic Review (Associate Editor, 1971–1985), and the Journal of Development Economics (Chief Editor, 1985 to 2003). He won a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1981 and the Mohalanobis Gold Medal of the Indian Econometric Society in 1980.

He is the author of 12 books, more than 120 journal articles, and the editor of 12 other books. He has occasionally written columns in The Times, Scientific American, Business Standard, YaleGlobal Online, Anandabazar Patrika (Kolkata). Outside the US, he has given public lectures or keynote addresses at Beijing, Bogota, Calcutta, Cape Town, Canberra, Copenhagen, Delhi, Istanbul, Manchester, Melbourne, Mumbai, Nairobi, Oxford, Shanghai, Turin, and Vancouver.

Bardhan is also on the advisory board of FFIPP-USA (Faculty for Israeli-Palestinian Peace-USA), a network of Palestinian, Israeli, and International faculty, and students, working in for an end of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories and just peace.


Hannah Beech

Hannah Beech is a journalist for TIME Magazine, serving as its Southeast Asia Bureau Chief.

In 2009, Ms. Beech was awarded for Excellence in Reporting Breaking News, Honourable Mention, in the Society of Publishers in Asia Awards for Editorial Excellence (SOPA Awards), for her reporting on Cyclone Nargis in Burma. She also received a 2007 Honourable Mention for Best Opinion Writing.

Ms. Beech graduated in 1995 from Colby College and was the 1994 recipient of the Harry S. Truman Scholarship for Maryland. She did undergraduate internships at U.S. News & World Report and Asian media outlets. In addition, while in Hong Kong, she studied the Chinese print media’s coverage of Asian governments.


Banning Garrett

Banning Garrett is the Director of the Asia Program at the Atlantic Council, a position he has held since March 2009 and held previously from January 2003 through January 2007.
Previously, he was the Director of the Initiative for U.S.-China Cooperation on Energy and Climate at the Asia Society’s Center for U.S.-China Relations. He is the founding Executive Director of the Institute for Sino-American International Dialogue (ISAID) at the Graduate School of International Studies, University of Denver. Before joining the Council in January 2003, Dr. Garrett was a consultant for 22 years to the Department of Defense and other U.S. Government agencies carrying on a strategic dialogue with China. He was also a senior associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a founding board member of the U.S. Committee for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (USCSCAP).

Dr. Garrett has written extensively on a wide range of issues, including U.S.-China relations and cooperation on climate change, energy, and other strategic issues; U.S. strategy toward China; Chinese foreign policy and views of the strategic environment; globalization and its strategic impact; U.S. defense policy and Asian security; and arms control. Garrett has published in numerous journals, including International Security, The Washington Quarterly, Asian Survey,Arms Control Today, The Far Eastern Economic Review, The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis,The Asian Wall Street Journal Weekly, The New York Times, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Global Times, Journal of Contemporary Asia, Chinadialogue, and YaleGlobal, and has contributed to many edited volumes on Asian affairs.

Dr. Garrett received his BA from Stanford University and his PhD from Brandeis University. He has made nearly 50 trips to China since 1981 for consultations with Chinese officials and analysts as well as numerous similar visits to Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea.


David F. Gordon

David F. Gordon is Eurasia Group’s head of research and director of global macro analysis. He is a member of the firm’s management committee, and is based in Washington, DC.

Before joining Eurasia Group, David spent more than ten years working at the highest levels of US foreign and national security policy processes. From June 2007 to January 2009, David served as the director of policy planning under Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. He played a leading role in developing policy ideas for Rice on issues ranging from Afghanistan and Pakistan to US engagement in East Asia to the multilateral response to the international financial crisis. He also led the department’s strategic policy dialogues with more than 20 countries around the globe.

Prior to his work with the US State Department, David served in a top management role at the National Intelligence Council (NIC) from 2004 to 2007, during which time he led the NIC’s integration into the new Office of the Director of National Intelligence and its reemergence as the preeminent analytic center in the US government through enhancing analytic quality and integrity in the aftermath of the 2003 Iraq National Intelligence Estimate. He provided analytic leadership for the NIC’s groundbreaking reports, Global Trends 2015 and Global Trends 2020.

Other positions that David has held include the director of CIA’s Office of Transnational Issues, an office that covers issues including global economics and energy, illicit finance, insurgency and counterinsurgency, and global health; and national intelligence officer for economics and global issues at the NIC. For six years, David represented the intelligence community on the senior White House interagency body responsible for coordinating international economic policy.

Earlier in his career, David was a senior fellow and director at the Overseas Development Council, a senior staff member on the Foreign Affairs Committee of the US House of Representatives, and the regional economic policy and democracy/governance adviser for the US Agency for International Development based in Nairobi, Kenya.

In the 1980s, David pursued an academic career with a joint appointment at the University of Michigan and Michigan State University. He has also taught at the College of William and Mary, Princeton University, Georgetown University, and the University of Nairobi. David’s latest book is Managing Strategic Surprise: Lessons from Risk Management and Risk Assessment, co-edited with Ian Bremmer and Paul Bracken (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

David is a graduate of Bowdoin College and undertook graduate studies in both political science and economics at the University of Michigan, where he received his PhD in 1981.


Joanna Lewis

Joanna Lewis is an assistant professor of Science, Technology and International Affairs (STIA) at Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. Her research focuses on renewable energy industry and policy development, mechanisms for low-carbon technology transfer in the developing world, and expanding options for multilateral engagement in a post-2012 international climate change agreement. Most of Professor Lewis’ research is based in China. Current projects include studies of China’s wind power industry development, the security implications of climate change impacts for China, and the future of the bilateral relationship between the United States and China on energy and climate change.

Dr. Lewis serves as an international advisor to the Energy Foundation China Sustainable Energy Program in Beijing. She is a member of the National Academies Committee on US-China Cooperation on Electricity from Renewables, the Advisory Board of the Asia Society’s Center on US-China Relations, and the Strategic Advisory Board of the American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE)’s US-China Program. She has consulted for many domestic and international organizations including UNIDO and USAID.

Previously, Dr. Lewis was a Senior International Fellow at the Pew Center on Global Climate Change and a researcher in the China Energy Group at the US Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. She also served as the primary technical advisor for the Asia Society’s Initiative for US-China Cooperation on Energy and Climate, and she has also worked at the White House Council on Environmental Quality, the National Wildlife Federation and the Environmental Defense Fund. From 2003-2004 she was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Energy, Environment, and Economy at Tsinghua University in Beijing.


Thomas R. Pickering

Thomas (“Tom”) R. Pickering currently serves as Senior Advisor at Hills and Company, an international trade firm based in Washington DC. Ambassador Pickering retired from the State Department as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. In a diplomatic career with service in each of the major continents, Ambassador Pickering reached the rank of Career Ambassador, the highest in the U.S. Foreign Service. He served as U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador; Nigeria, and Jordan. He also was the U.S. Ambassador and Representative to the United Nations in New York, where he led the U.S. effort to build a coalition in the UN Security Council during and after the first Gulf War. He has held additional positions in Tanzania, Geneva, and Washington, including as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Oceans, Environmental and Scientific Affairs and as Executive Secretary of the Department and Special Assistant to Secretaries of State William P. Rogers and Henry A. Kissinger.

After retiring from the State Department in 2000, Ambassador Pickering joined The Boeing Company as Senior Vice President International Relations and member of the Executive Council, where he was responsible for the Company’s relations with foreign governments and the globalization of Boeing. He also serves on several not-for-profit boards.

Ambassador Pickering holds a B.A. from Bowdoin College, an M.A.L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a second M.A. from the University of Melbourne in Australia, where he studied under a Fulbright Scholarship. He speaks French, Spanish, and Swahili fluently and also is proficient in Arabic, Hebrew and Russian.


Charles L. (Jack) Pritchard

Charles L. (Jack) Pritchard is the President of the Korea Economic Institute (KEI) in Washington. Prior to joining KEI, he was a visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC from September 2003 until February 2006. Ambassador Pritchard served as ambassador and special envoy for negotiations with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and United States representative to the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization in the administration of President George W. Bush from April 2001 until September 2003. Previously, he served as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for Asian Affairs in the administration of President William J. Clinton. During the Clinton administration, Ambassador Pritchard was also the Director of Asian Affairs in the National Security Council and deputy chief negotiator for the Four Party Peace Talks, which aimed at reducing the tensions on the Korean Peninsula. Ambassador Pritchard is a former United States Army officer and attaché in Tokyo, Japan. He retired from the U.S. Army in 2000 as a Colonel after serving 28 years on active duty. He received a B.A. in political science from Mercer University, Macon, Georgia; an M.A. in international studies from the University of Hawaii; and a diploma from the Japanese National Institute for Defense Studies in Tokyo. He is the recipient of the Defense Distinguished Service Medal.


Lanxin Xiang

Lanxin Xiang is a Professor of International History and Politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland.  A faculty member since 1996, Professor Xiang was previously Associate Professor at Clemson University, United States. He held the Kissinger Chair of Foreign Policy and International Relations (2003-2004) at the Library of Congress, United States. He founded the Trilateral Forum for top-level policy-makers to discuss China. He was McArthur Foundation Fellow in Germany (1989), and Olin Fellow at Yale University (2003). Professor Xiang has held chairs at Fudan University in Shanghai and China Foreign Affairs University in Beijing. He is a contributing editor for the publication Survival at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), London, and Dushu Magazine in Beijing. His main research focus is East Asia, foreign and security policies, and modern China. His main publications include: “Tradition and Chinese Foreign Relations”, “The Origins of the Boxer War” (2003, Chinese version nominated for national book awards), “Recasting the Imperial Far East” (2005), and “Mao’s Generals” (1998).  Professor Xiang received his PhD from the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.

2010 Conference Speakers


Keynote: Ahmed Rashid

Ahmed Rashid is a Pakistani journalist, scholar, and best-selling author of several books on the complex region of Central Asia. His 2000 book, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, was used extensively by American analysts in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. Most recently in Descent into Chaos: The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia (2008), Rashid examines the region and the corridors of power in Washington and Europe to see how the promised nation building in these countries has progressed. His conclusions are devastating: An unstable and nuclear armed Pakistan, a renewed al’ Qaeda profiting from a booming opium trade, and a Taliban resurgence and reconquest. While Iraq continues to attract most of American media and military might, Rashid argues that Pakistan and Afghanistan are where the conflict will finally be played out and that these failing states pose a graver threat to global security than the Middle East. Rashid attended Malvern College, England, Government College Lahore, and Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. He serves as the Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review and the Daily Telegraph. He also writes for the Wall Street Journal, The Nation, and academic journals. He appears regularly on international TV and radio networks such as CNN, PBS and BBC World. His commentary also appears in the Washington Post’s PostGlobal segment. Rashid lives in Lahore, Pakistan with his wife and two children.


R. Nicholas Burns

Nicholas Burns is currently Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics as well as Director of the Future of Diplomacy Project at the Kennedy School, Harvard University. He retired from the State Department in April, 2008 after a distinguished career spanning twenty-seven years.  From 2005 until his retirement Burns was Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs—the third-ranking position in the State Department—where he led U.S. negotiations with such countries as Iran, India, and Kosovo, and supervised U.S. diplomacy in all regions of the world.  Earlier Burns was U.S. Ambassador to NATO and to Greece. He was the State Department Spokesman for two years and spent five years on the National Security Council staff including as Special Assistant to President Clinton focusing on the former Soviet Union. Later he was Director for Soviet Affairs on the NSC under President Bush.  Earlier in his career Burns was posted in Egypt and Mauritania and served as Political Officer at the American Consulate General in Jerusalem. He is on many boards including the Atlantic Council, the Rockefeller Brothers, and the Appeal of Conscience as well as a proud member of Red Sox Nation.


G. Whitney Azoy

Dr. G. Whitney Azoy is a cultural anthropologist with nearly 40 years experience working in and with Afghanistan and the Muslim world.  Dr. Azoy is a four-time Fulbright scholar, author of Buzkashi :Game and Power in Afghanistan, and National Geographic film maker, who is currently co-producing a documentary film entitled Afghanistan: A Nation of Poets.  Dr. Azoy consulted with the Department of Defense following 9/11, collaborated with the International Security and Assistance Force and the U.S. Army’s Counter-Intelligence Academy, and joined the Foreign Service in 1971 serving as a cultural officer in Kabul and Tehran.  From 2005 to 2007, Dr. Azoy served as Center Director and Senior Fellow of the American Institute of Afghanistan Studies in Kabul.  He has been a guest on the Lehrer News Hour, CNN International, and other foreign news programs.

Dr. Azoy is a graduate of Deerfield and Princeton and began studying graduate anthropology in 1973 at the University of Virginia.  After receiving his doctorate in 1979, he began teaching anthropology and religion at  The Lawrenceville School (NJ). Azoy lives with his wife, Professor Ana Maria Tuset Bertan, in rural Catalonia and the Mexican state of Sonora.


Larry Goodson

Larry Goodson has been Professor of Middle East Studies in the Department of National Security and Strategy at the U.S. Army War College in Calisle, PA, since 2002. He conducts a special program on Afghanistan at the War College and consults frequently on South Asia with senior military leaders.  Dr. Goodson was a Technical Advisor on Elections and a Monitor for the Emergency Loya Jirga in Afghanistan in 2002. In 2008-2009 he spent four months with the team that developed U.S. strategy in South Asia for the U.S. Central Command. He earned his B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. in political science from the University of North Carolina. Goodson has traveled to Afghanistan and Pakistan often, has lectured and consulted widely with  governments and non-governmental agencies, and has conducted more than 1,000 media interviews since September 11, 2001. He is the author of the bestselling Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban (2001). His book The Talibanization of Pakistan will soon be published by Palgrave MacMillan.


Athanasios Moulakis

Dr. Athanasios Moulakis joined the American University of Afghanistan as Chief Academic Officer at the beginning of 2008 after serving as a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC, and as Onassis Foundation Fellow in Athens, Greece. Previously, he was director of the Institute for Mediterranean Studies of the University of Lugano. Over an 11-year period Dr. Moulakis was Herbst Professor of Humanities and Professor of Political Science at the University of Colorado, where he was also founding Director of the Herbst Program of Humanities. Dr. Moulakis has held other academic and administrative assignments at European and North American colleges, institutes, and universities. A partial list includes the European University Institute in Florence, where he served as head of the Department of Political and Social Sciences; a Fulbright professorship at the University of Jena, Germany; the London School of Economics; St. John’s College, Annapolis; Harvard University; and the University of California, San Diego.

His publication list includes a large number of books and articles on topics in the humanities, political theory, public policy, higher education, international relations, and other scholarly fields. With a Dr.Phil. (magna cum laude) degree from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Dr. Moulakis has published and lectured in five languages. He has received numerous academic honors and awards, including the American Association of Colleges and Universities’ prize for best book on liberal education.


Ronald E. Neumann

Ronald E. Neumann now serves as President of the American Academy of Diplomacy in Washington, D.C., an institute formed by former Senior U.S. Foreign Service officers to strengthen the resources and skills of American diplomats.  Prior to his retirement in 2007 Neumann was Deputy Assistant Secretary of State and three times U.S. Ambassador: to Algeria, to Bahrain, and from 2005 to 2007 to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.  He served in the Baghdad Embassy in 2004.   His other posts included Director of the Office of Northern Gulf Affairs and postings in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Iran, and Senegal as well as stateside positions with the Jordan Desk, the Middle East (NEA) Bureau, and the Office of Southern European Affairs. Ambassador Neumann has written a number of monographs and articles and a recently-issued book, The Other War: Winning and Losing in Afghanistan (2009).  He speaks French, Arabic, and some Dari.  Neumann served as a decorated infantry officer in Vietnam after earning his B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of California at Riverside.


Paul R. Pillar

Dr. Paul R. Pillar serves as Georgetown University’s Director of Graduate Studies at the Center for Peace and Security Studies.  Professor Pillar retired in 2005 from a 28-year career in the U.S. intelligence community, in which his last position was National Intelligence Officer for the Near East and South Asia. Earlier he served in a variety of analytical and managerial positions, including as chief of analytic units at the CIA covering portions of the Near East, the Persian Gulf, and South Asia. Professor Pillar also served in the National Intelligence Council as one of the original members of its Analytic Group. He has been Executive Assistant to CIA’s Deputy Director for Intelligence and Executive Assistant to Director of Central Intelligence William Webster. He has also headed the Assessments and Information Group of the DCI Counterterrorist Center and, from 1997 to 1999, was deputy chief of the center. He was a Federal Executive Fellow at the Brookings Institution in 1999-2000. Professor Pillar is a retired officer in the U.S. Army Reserve and served on active duty in 1971-1973, including a tour of duty in Vietnam.  Dr. Pillar earned an A.B. degree from Dartmouth College, and received the B.Phil from Oxford University and an M.A. and Ph.D. from Princeton University.


Teresita C. Schaffer

Teresita Schaffer is director of the South Asia Program at CSIS. Her areas of expertise include U.S.–South Asia relations, regional security, and economics, energy, and health policy in India. During her 30-year career in the U.S. Foreign Service, she specialized in international economics and South Asia, on which she was one of the State Department’s principal experts. From 1989 to 1992, she served as deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia, at that time the senior South Asia position in the department; from 1992 to 1995, she was U.S. ambassador to Sri Lanka; and from 1995 to 1997, she served as director of the Foreign Service Institute. Her earlier posts included Tel Aviv, Islamabad, New Delhi, and Dhaka, as well as a tour as director of the Office of International Trade in the State Department.

After retiring from the Foreign Service, Schaffer spent a year as a consultant on business issues relating to South Asia. She has also taught at Georgetown University and American University and authored publications on peace building in Sri Lanka, women’s studies in Bangladesh, and diplomacy in India, Kashmir, and Pakistan. Most recently, Schaffer authored India and the United States in the 21st Century: Reinventing Partnership (CSIS, 2009), which examined the strategic ties between the two countries and proposed new policies with global implications. She is currently writing a book on Pakistani negotiating styles that draws from her own experiences as a Foreign Service Officer, as well as from historical evidence. Schaffer speaks French, Swedish, German, Italian, Hebrew, Hindi, and Urdu, and has studied Bangla and Sinhala.

Samina Quraeshi

Samina Quraeshi is an award-winning designer, artist, author and educator dedicated to addressing the cultural emergency that faces our world today. Through her cultural, strategic and academic initiatives she promotes healing through understanding of our collective humanity while honoring and supporting our diverse traditions. She is currently the Robert Gardner Visiting Artist Fellow at the Peabody Museum at Harvard University and a principal of Shepard Quraeshi Associates, where she supervises graphic, environmental and architectural design for a diverse national and international clientele. She participates on many boards and committees, including the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston, The Education for Family-Centered Community Development Initiative, and the Fulbright Scholars Program.

She served for six years as the Henry R. Luce Professor at the University of Miami after her appointment as the NY Times Resident in Design Arts at the American Academy in Rome in 1998, which followed four years as Director of Design at the National Endowment for the Arts. In 1993, Quraeshi was appointed the Assistant Director of the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard University. Ms. Quraeshi received her BFA from the Kansas City Art Institute and MFA from Yale University School of Art. She is the recipient of numerous awards as well as honorary doctoral degrees from Bradford College and the Art Institute of Boston. She has taught graphic design and printmaking as a member of the faculties of the Rhode Island School of Design and the Boston University School of Visual Arts.