2011 Impact of Globalization



Globalization is best understood as the interrelationship between nations, and though associated primarily with economic forces, globalization has come to represent the impact of one nation’s actions upon the global community: politically, economically, culturally and environmentally. As students begin to grapple with understanding globalization, it is imperative that they understand and appreciate the interconnectedness between nations which currently exists and how those connections are shaping the world.

Using a current map of the world and information gathered on CIA Factbook, students can draw connections between nations based on trade and diplomatic relationships. The most pressing concern regarding globalization exists in the ramifications for the developing world as the industrial world continues to consume natural resources at an alarming rate and how developing nations can or will gain a foothold in a modern global economy. Added to that are the environmental effects of rapid growth and industrialization, the impact on the poor, hungry, and disenfranchised.
Ban Ki Moon’s report on the Impacts of Globalization (see supplemental reading materials), published in 2008, highlights the major areas of concern, including poverty, health, role of women, and the environment. Having students read and understand this document can provide an effective tool in outlining, in specific detail, how globalization can have both positive and negative effects on the developing world. While countries with limited resources can benefit from economic or political support from industrialized nations, the danger of exploitation and imperialism can, ultimately, have negative implications.

Finally, and most notably, globalization should be considered from the perspective of technology and its availability throughout the world. As citizens of nations become more interconnected, how might that shift the balance of power at the government level? To what extent does a readily available, constantly streaming source of information begin to reshape our understanding of what it means to be a citizen of the world? The impact of globalization could serve to unify or divide, and what role can we play in moving toward one outcome and not the other?

Please review the Camcast clips, below, to learn more about the impact of globalization on international relations.

Impact of Globalization Video Links

Asia’s integration driven by trade, Chas Freeman

Sino-India ties, Chas Freeman

Connecting nations – Free Trade, Chas Freeman

Asia lifts the world!?, Chas Freeman

Globalization: Southeast Asia, Pranab Bardhan

China and India Compared, Pranab Bardhan

Poverty and inequality, Pranab Bardhan

“Demographic Dividend”, Pranab Bardhan

US-China: Challenges & Cooperation, Joanna Lewis

“The most important region: Asia”, Thomas Pickering

Impact of Aid/NGO’s, Tom Pickering

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Tom Pickering

Study Guide for Globalization

1. Define Globalization
2. What examples illustrate the interconnectedness of the world?
3. How local is globalization?
4. How is globalization personal?
5. What is global citizenship?

The 2011 Educator’s Guide is funded by the Camden National Bank.